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How does commuting affect wellbeing

canada goose outlet hong kong The daily commute to Canada Goose online work is something to be put up with rather than enjoyed, yet how we get there and how long it takes has an impact on how we feel. canada goose outlet hong kong

canada goose outlet black friday That’s uk canada goose hardly surprising when you consider that the average worker in Britain spends 54 minutes Canada Goose Parka commuting each day. canada goose outlet black friday

canada goose outlet trillium parka black According to the Office for National Statistics, feelings of happiness, life satisfaction and the sense that one’s activities are worthwhile all decrease with every successive minute of canada goose uk outlet travel to work. canada goose outlet trillium parka black

canada goose kensington parka uk This is what constitutes buy canada goose jacket cheap personal wellbeing and, in general, the longer the commute the more it shrinks. canada goose kensington parka uk

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“I live in Porthcawl, Wales, and travel a minimum of five days a week to Watford. My alarm goes off canada goose uk black friday at 03:30 each day and my journey takes two and a half to three hours.

canada goose outlet uk “My day can last as long as 12 hours. I then cheap canada goose uk travel home when there is a lot more traffic canada goose than there is in the mornings, with average of buy canada goose jacket three to three and a half hours being the norm for this single journey.” canada goose outlet uk

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canada goose vest outlet The 2011 census tells us that 7.2% of working people in England and Wales travel by bus or coach to work, compared to 5% by train and 3.8% by underground or tram. canada goose vest outlet

canada goose premium outlet The large majority, 59%, drive or get a lift in a car or van. canada goose premium outlet

canada goose outlet 80 off In an canada goose uk shop ideal world, commuting should not affect psychological health because it is a choice. Commuting journeys increase because people move out of towns and cities to find better housing, more green space and a higher standard of living. canada goose outlet 80 off

canada goose jacket uk Professor Jenny Roberts, from the University of Sheffield, Canada Goose sale has researched how canada goose coats on sale wellbeing is affected by changes in commuting times by tracking 7,000 men and 7,000 women over 13 years. canada goose jacket uk

canada goose outlet store toronto In contrast, the ONS report is based on a one off survey of more than 60,000 people in employment between 2012 and uk canada goose outlet 2013. canada goose outlet store toronto

canada goose outlet store calgary She discovered, in her paper published in the Canada Goose Online Journal of Health Economics, that women were adversely affected by commuting, while men were not, despite the fact that women in general commute less and work shorter hours. canada goose outlet store calgary

canada goose outlet factory This was after accounting for income, job satisfaction canadian goose jacket and housing quality. canada goose outlet factory

canada goose jacket outlet uk So why are women more sensitive to time spent commuting? canada goose jacket outlet uk

“The only reason we could come up with was trip chaining,” Prof Roberts explains. This adds stress to commuting.”

canada goose womens outlet Commuting affects wellbeing because of the link between stress and mental health, which is well established. canada goose womens outlet

canada goose outlet canada The stress is caused by a lack of control during commuting, caused by delayed trains, traffic jams and unpredictable weather, for example. canada goose outlet canada

canada goose outlet online uk Research also shows cheap Canada Goose that boredom Canada Goose Jackets and social isolation among commuters can lead to unhappiness. canada goose outlet online uk

canada goose outlet ottawa However, some commuters Canada Goose Outlet do find positives in the daily commute because it gives them time to work canada goose clearance sale and read or simply wind down. canada goose outlet ottawa

canada goose canada goose outlet jacket outlet store ‘Extreme commuting’ is becoming more common and the ONS research suggests that a commute time of three canada goose clearance hours of more is often a happier experience than shorter journeys. canada goose jacket outlet store

This may be because these extra long journeys are a positive lifestyle choice for extreme commuters, who tend to have a higher average income, and are able to use their travel time more productively as a result.

Those who cycle or walk to work have the advantage of knowing that physical activity improves wellbeing, Canada Goose Coats On Sale but the ONS research says that cycling to work can also be a stressful experience.

This is particularly true if commuters cycle because of a lack of other options or canada goose store on a route through heavy traffic.

In the end, the psychological health of commuters is important because everybody commutes, but we are often reluctant to analyse how we do it, says Prof Rogers.

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